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Many cultures have built devices that travel through the air, from the earliest projectiles such as stones and spears, to more sophisticated buoyant or aerodynamic devices such as the boomerang in Australia, or kites. There are early legends of human flight such as the story of Icarus, and later, more credible claims of short-distance human flights including a kite flight by Yuan Huangtou in China,[1] the parachute flight of Armen Firman, and the glider flight of Abbas Ibn Firnas.


Santos-Dumont #6. Photo courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.Santos-Dumont #6. Photo courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. The modern age of aviation began with the first untethered human lighter-than-air flight on November 21, 1783, in a hot air balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers, and balloon flight became increasingly common over longer and longer distances throughout the 19th century, continuing to the present.

The practicality of balloons was limited by the fact that they could only travel downwind. It was immediately recognized that a steerable, or dirigible, balloon was required. Although several airships, as steerable balloons came to be called, were built during the 1800s, the first aircraft to make routine flights were made by the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont. Santos-Dumont effectively combined an elongated balloon with an internal combustion engine. On October 19, 1901 he became world famous when he flew his airship "Number 6" over Paris to win the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. Santos-Dumont's success with airships proved that controlled and sustained flight was possible.


First powered heavier-than air flight, December 17, 1903First powered heavier-than air flight, December 17, 1903. On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers flew the first successful powered, heavier-than-air flight, though their aircraft was impractical to fly for more than a short distance because of control problems. The widespread adoption of ailerons made aircraft much easier to manage, and only a decade later, at the start of World War I, heavier-than-air powered aircraft had become practical for reconnaissance, artillery spotting, and even attacks against ground positions.

Aircraft began to transport people and cargo as designs grew larger and more reliable. In contrast to small non-rigid blimps, giant rigid airships became the first aircraft to transport passengers and cargo over great distances. The best known aircraft of this type were manufactured by the German Zeppelin company.


LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin.LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin. The most successful Zeppelin was the Graf Zeppelin. It flew over one million miles, including an around the world flight in August of 1929. However, the dominance of the Zeppelins over the airplanes of the that period, which had a range of only a few hundred miles, was diminishing as airplane design advanced. The "Golden Age" of the airships ended on June 6, 1937 when the Hindenburg caught fire killing 36 people. Although there have been periodic initiatives to revive their use, airships have seen only niche application since that time.

Great progress was made in airplane design during the 1920s and 1930s. One of the most successful designs of this period was the Douglas DC-3 which became the first airliner that was profitable carrying passengers exclusively, starting the modern era of passenger airline service. By the beginning of World War II, many towns and cities had built airports, and there were numerous qualified pilots available. The war brought many innovations to aviation, including the first jet aircraft and the first liquid-fueled rockets.

After WWII, especially in North America, there was a boom in general aviation, both private and commercial, as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available. Manufacturers such as Cessna, Piper, and Beechcraft expanded production to provide light aircraft for the new middle class market.

By the 1950s, the development of civil jets grew, beginning with the de Havilland Comet, though the first widely-used passenger jet was the Boeing 707. At the same time, turboprop propulsion began to appear for smaller commuter planes, making it possible to serve small-volume routes in a much wider range of weather conditions.

Yuri Gagarin was the first human to travel to space on April 12, 1961, while Neil Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon on July 21, 1969.

Since the 1960s, composite airframes and quieter, more efficient engines have become available, but the most important innovations have taken place in instrumentation and control. The arrival of solid-state electronics, the Global Positioning System, satellite communications, and increasingly small and powerful computers and LED displays, have dramatically changed the cockpits of airliners and, increasingly, of smaller aircraft as well. Pilots can navigate much more accurately and view terrain, obstructions, and other nearby aircraft on a map or through synthetic vision, even at night or in low visibility.

On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded aircraft to make a spaceflight, opening the possibility of an aviation market outside the earth's atmosphere.


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The Universal Pilot Application Service
The Universal Pilot Application Service is an employment assistance service that provides pilots with the opportunity to gain exposure to companies that are now hiring. UPAS additionally provides companies with the ability to be selective when searching for pilots with particular flight experience and qualifications. UPAS now has over twenty thousand pilots in their database. Flight experience levels vary from single engine flight instructors to Boeing 747/400 Captains.

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Makes good jobs easier to get and good employees easier to find at Airports around the world - job search and recruitment tools for job-seekers and employers.

Airline Announcements
The most significant role of a flight attendant is to ensure passenger safety. In doing so, flight attendants make several announcements before, during and after flight. The first announcement takes place before the aircraft leaves the gate, is an Aircraft Safety Demonstration specific for each type of aircraft and includes a demonstration alerting passengers of safety. Here are two Safety Demonstrations you can review and practice.

The Universal Pilot Application Service
YEARS AGO, ALPA HELPED establish the Universal Pilot Application Service, Inc., the online system for companies looking for pilots and pilots looking for companies. Since then, UPAS has taken off, with hundreds companies and thousands of pilots using it for help with searches for employees or jobs.

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Research & Contact Prospective Aviation Companies
Research the companies you are applying to or create your target list of prospective companies you would like to apply to. The AVSearch Employer directory contains all the necessary contact information and is the largest library of actual aviation related employer contact information, company profiles and direct link web pages. Search by state or company name.

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The primary and overriding responsibility of flight attendants is passenger safety. However, they are often tasked with the secondary function of seeing to the care and comfort of the passengers, insofar as this does not interfere with their safety responsibilities. They are often perceived by the flying public as waitresses or servants because only this latter function is normally seen outside the extremely rare event of in-flight emergency; and historically this perception has been portrayed by airlines in ads and commercials.

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KLJ-Since 1938, KLJ has focused on innovative solutions for local, regional and national infrastructure projects. Our expertise provides knowledgeable, experienced support for engineering, planning and surveying projects of all sizes. Our integrated practice allows us to envision, plan, engineer and build infrastructure from start to finish for clients around the country.KLJ is committed to our employees and clients. We help achieve personal and professional growth while delivering innovative and practical solutions to our communities.As a civic leader, KLJ supports the communities we serve through sponsorships, participation in charity events, corporate matching for employee charitable contributions and strong support of employee volunteerism.KLJ is a subsidiary of KLJ Solutions. We are a 100 percent employee-owned company that offers competitive compensation and benefits including various insurance options, 401k and Employee Stock Ownership Program opportunities.
Since 1938, KLJ has focused on innovative solutions for local, regional and national infrastructure projects. Our expertise provides knowledgeable, experienced support for engineering, planning and surveying projects of all sizes. Our integrated practice allows us to envision, plan, engineer and build infrastructure from start to finish for clients around the country.KLJ is committed to our employees and clients. We help achieve personal and professional growth while delivering innovative and practical solutions to our communities.As a civic leader, KLJ supports the communities we serve through sponsorships, participation in charity events, corporate matching for employee charitable contributions and strong support of employee volunteerism.KLJ is a subsidiary of KLJ Solutions. We are a 100 percent employee-owned company that offers competitive compensation and benefits including various insurance options, 401k and Employee Stock Ownership Program opportunities.


XTRA AIRWAYS Career Information
XTRA AIRWAYS-Beyond what is expected.Since 1989, XTRA Airways has established a reputation for outstanding reliability, flexibility, customer service and support. Delivered by people with a passion for aviation, XTRA Airways continues to impress customers daily with personalized service, support and attention to detail when chartering with us on our exclusive fleet of Boeing 737-800 and Boeing 737-400 aircraft. Whether large project or small, allow XTRA Airways to prove to you what so many past and present customers already know: XTRA Airways goes beyond what is expected.
Beyond what is expected.Since 1989, XTRA Airways has established a reputation for outstanding reliability, flexibility, customer service and support. Delivered by people with a passion for aviation, XTRA Airways continues to impress customers daily with personalized service, support and attention to detail when chartering with us on our exclusive fleet of Boeing 737-800 and Boeing 737-400 aircraft. Whether large project or small, allow XTRA Airways to prove to you what so many past and present customers already know: XTRA Airways goes beyond what is expected.

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