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Many cultures have built devices that travel through the air, from the earliest projectiles such as stones and spears, to more sophisticated buoyant or aerodynamic devices such as the boomerang in Australia, or kites. There are early legends of human flight such as the story of Icarus, and later, more credible claims of short-distance human flights including a kite flight by Yuan Huangtou in China,[1] the parachute flight of Armen Firman, and the glider flight of Abbas Ibn Firnas.


Santos-Dumont #6. Photo courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.Santos-Dumont #6. Photo courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. The modern age of aviation began with the first untethered human lighter-than-air flight on November 21, 1783, in a hot air balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers, and balloon flight became increasingly common over longer and longer distances throughout the 19th century, continuing to the present.

The practicality of balloons was limited by the fact that they could only travel downwind. It was immediately recognized that a steerable, or dirigible, balloon was required. Although several airships, as steerable balloons came to be called, were built during the 1800s, the first aircraft to make routine flights were made by the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont. Santos-Dumont effectively combined an elongated balloon with an internal combustion engine. On October 19, 1901 he became world famous when he flew his airship "Number 6" over Paris to win the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. Santos-Dumont's success with airships proved that controlled and sustained flight was possible.


First powered heavier-than air flight, December 17, 1903First powered heavier-than air flight, December 17, 1903. On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers flew the first successful powered, heavier-than-air flight, though their aircraft was impractical to fly for more than a short distance because of control problems. The widespread adoption of ailerons made aircraft much easier to manage, and only a decade later, at the start of World War I, heavier-than-air powered aircraft had become practical for reconnaissance, artillery spotting, and even attacks against ground positions.

Aircraft began to transport people and cargo as designs grew larger and more reliable. In contrast to small non-rigid blimps, giant rigid airships became the first aircraft to transport passengers and cargo over great distances. The best known aircraft of this type were manufactured by the German Zeppelin company.


LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin.LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin. The most successful Zeppelin was the Graf Zeppelin. It flew over one million miles, including an around the world flight in August of 1929. However, the dominance of the Zeppelins over the airplanes of the that period, which had a range of only a few hundred miles, was diminishing as airplane design advanced. The "Golden Age" of the airships ended on June 6, 1937 when the Hindenburg caught fire killing 36 people. Although there have been periodic initiatives to revive their use, airships have seen only niche application since that time.

Great progress was made in airplane design during the 1920s and 1930s. One of the most successful designs of this period was the Douglas DC-3 which became the first airliner that was profitable carrying passengers exclusively, starting the modern era of passenger airline service. By the beginning of World War II, many towns and cities had built airports, and there were numerous qualified pilots available. The war brought many innovations to aviation, including the first jet aircraft and the first liquid-fueled rockets.

After WWII, especially in North America, there was a boom in general aviation, both private and commercial, as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available. Manufacturers such as Cessna, Piper, and Beechcraft expanded production to provide light aircraft for the new middle class market.

By the 1950s, the development of civil jets grew, beginning with the de Havilland Comet, though the first widely-used passenger jet was the Boeing 707. At the same time, turboprop propulsion began to appear for smaller commuter planes, making it possible to serve small-volume routes in a much wider range of weather conditions.

Yuri Gagarin was the first human to travel to space on April 12, 1961, while Neil Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon on July 21, 1969.

Since the 1960s, composite airframes and quieter, more efficient engines have become available, but the most important innovations have taken place in instrumentation and control. The arrival of solid-state electronics, the Global Positioning System, satellite communications, and increasingly small and powerful computers and LED displays, have dramatically changed the cockpits of airliners and, increasingly, of smaller aircraft as well. Pilots can navigate much more accurately and view terrain, obstructions, and other nearby aircraft on a map or through synthetic vision, even at night or in low visibility.

On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded aircraft to make a spaceflight, opening the possibility of an aviation market outside the earth's atmosphere.


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Future Aviation Professionals of America
Job opportunities in the aviation industry are expected to grow over the next decade. Annual salaries for aviation professionals range from an average of $47,000 for commercial aviation office supervisors to more than $150,000 for high-level managers.

Aviation Employment and Professional Services
AEPS.info is an on-line airline, airport, aviation and aerospace employment and professional services company that allows aviation companies to by-pass the traditional methods involved in locating and selecting those employees (Airport, AP Mechanic, Avionics, Cargo, Computer, Dispatch, Engineering and Aerospace, Executive, Flight Attendant, Ground-Ramp, Helicopter, Internships, Management, Office and Administrative, Other, Pilot, Reservations, Sales-Marketing, Temporary or Seasonal, Aviation Professionals, Flight Attendants, Mechanics, Dispatchers, Pilots etc.) they want to hire.

The Official Universal Pilot Application Service
YEARS AGO, ALPA HELPED establish the Universal Pilot Application Service, Inc., the online system for companies looking for pilots and pilots looking for companies. Since then, UPAS has taken off, with hundreds companies and thousands of pilots using it for help with searches for employees or jobs.

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Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. More generally, the term also describes the activities, industries, and regulatory bodies associated with aircraft.

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The Airport Directory @ Travel Notes helps you find the websites of National and International Airports along with airport codes, which airline flies where, destination information, how to get there and all about ground transportation and airport facilities around the world.

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Menzies Aviation-At more than 200 airport locations across 6 continents, we offer landside and airside services tailored to our customers’ needs; timed to their schedules; and delivered by teams with the knowledge, tools and passion to set standards rather than chase them.

Our core services include; Ground Handling, Cargo, Fuelling, Executive Services and Offline Services.
At more than 200 airport locations across 6 continents, we offer landside and airside services tailored to our customers’ needs; timed to their schedules; and delivered by teams with the knowledge, tools and passion to set standards rather than chase them. Our core services include; Ground Handling, Cargo, Fuelling, Executive Services and Offline Services.


Encore Air Cargo Career Information
Encore Air Cargo-We are an FBO and Part 135 operator with about 125 employees and about 50 fixed wing aircraft. We do all our own sheet metal, composites, engine overhauls, general maintenance, interiors, avionics and much more. Our large charter, freight, fire fighting and flight instructions business keeps us very active. Check out our website at www.bemidjiaviation.com to learn more about us.

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We are an ESOP, which means you are allocated stock and effectively are a "co-owner". We have company paid health insurance (deductible HSA), access to AFLAC, company paid life insurance and Delta Dental. we have Paid Time Off up to 20 days (after 10 years), and 5 paid holidays. We have 401K available. For the Bemidji Minnesota based job: If you like outdoors, then northern Minnesota is perfect. We have the best hunting and fishing around. Tons of people come here to go on vacation, so why not just live here.
We are an FBO and Part 135 operator with about 125 employees and about 50 fixed wing aircraft. We do all our own sheet metal, composites, engine overhauls, general maintenance, interiors, avionics and much more. Our large charter, freight, fire fighting and flight instructions business keeps us very active. Check out our website at www.bemidjiaviation.com to learn more about us. Benefits: We are an ESOP, which means you are allocated stock and effectively are a "co-owner". We have company paid health insurance (deductible HSA), access to AFLAC, company paid life insurance and Delta Dental. we have Paid Time Off up to 20 days (after 10 years), and 5 paid holidays. We have 401K available. For the Bemidji Minnesota based job: If you like outdoors, then northern Minnesota is perfect. We have the best hunting and fishing around. Tons of people come here to go on vacation, so why not just live here.

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